African Adinkra Ashanti Batik Tie Dye art Kumasi cloth Ghana fabric hand stamped
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A very nice Vintage ( 1990s ) and authentic "woman" size Adinkra batik and Tie- Dye ( Ashanti , Akan ) cloth !
This type of Adinkra ( The base is a Tie and Dye cloth that is stamped with Adinkra symbols ) started to be popular in the late 1980s.
The cloth is hand painted and hand embossed and is embroidered together.
The size of the cloth is 65" x 46'' ( 165 cm x 116 cm ) and is in very good condition with only minor stains and some wear due to age and usage.
The stamping blocks are carved from Calabash.
The natural dye is made from the bark of the "badie" tree that is heated with iron slag for 3 to 5 days until is thick.
The art of Batik / Tie - Dye is a very old manual art that does not involve machines but only hand work and skills to complete A piece of fabric.
Few of the time consuming steps to produce Batik / Tie - Dye are:
1) Melt the wax on fire.
2) Prepare the motifs / Symbols out of pieces of foam.
3) Dip the Motif/Symbol into wax and print manually the first motif/Symbol into the fabric.
4) When the wax is dry the artisan will wash the cloth in cold water.
5) Dip the cloth in natural dye for around 30 minutes ( at this time the artisan must be moving the cloth in the dye ).
6) Hang the cloth for some hours to oxidize and get the desirable finish color.
7) In case that the cloth will have additional motifs/Symbols the artisan must repeat step 2 - 6 again.
8) When the cloth is “finished“ the artisan must place the fabric in hot water for the removal of the wax ( the same wax can be used again for the production of other fabrics ).
9) The last step is to wash and hang the fabric to dry and the final BATIK / Tie - Dye is ready !
A Legend in Ghana says that ADINKRA ( Nana Kofi Adinkra ) was a famous king of GYAMAN ( Now Ivory Coast ) that entered into war with Asantahene BONSU-PANYIN ( Ashanti King ) Adinkra was defeated and captured in a battle.
The tradition had it that Nana Adinkra wore patterned cloth, which was interpreted as a way of expressing his sorrow on being taken to Kumasi the capital of Asante.